- General Information
- Venezuela Offers…
- Forests and Savannas
- Do You Want to Know More About Venezuela?
Situated on the northern end of South America, the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela offers a vast range of possibilities to satisfy to the most curious of tourists. Beaches, mountains, plains, deserts and forests can all be found within Venezuela’s territory.
The country possesses an infrastructure of services that favors tourism and facilitates travel, such as five airports with international service; an extensive road network; close to 400 tourist hotels of diverse classification and 1,600 other establishments such as motels, lodging and inns.
Venezuela has a number of tourist activities that allow visitors to enjoy the environmental diversity of the country. Adventure tourism has found favorable field for development in the Orinoquia Forests, the Andean Mountain Range, the prosperous rivers and large savanna plains, the large extensions of national parks (slightly more than 15% of the territory). The numerous caves and coral reefs also lend themselves to the development of adventure and scientific tourism.
While a Caribbean country, Venezuela is also an Amazonic, Atlantic and Andean country. Because of this, the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) has labeled Venezuela among the six countries with the greatest diversity on the continent of the Americas. More than 40% of the territory is located in protected zones, refuges and fauna reserves, and natural monuments and forest reserves.
Venezuela has 43 national parks and 20 natural monuments that occupy approximately 16% of the national territory.
The climates are isothermic, which means they do not vary greatly from month to month. Annual precipitations determine the existence of the two seasons: rainy season (or winter) from May to October and the dry season (or summer) from November to April. Nevertheless, a temperate climate is maintained and in Caracas, the capital of the republic, it is always spring.
Tourist activity in Venezuela has developed considerably in the last decades, particularly due to its favorable geographic position, the variety of landscapes, the wealth of the flora and fauna, the cordial and happy temperament of its population, the artistic demonstrations and its privileged climate that permit visitors to enjoy each region (especially the beaches) during the entire year.
From east to west, the country counts on 3,000 km. of Caribbean beaches, tropical sun and white, red or silver sands. Places frequented or solitary territories. Some with tranquil and docile water; other with enormous waves, ideal for surfing. A great part of these beaches are located inside protected areas such as the Mochima National Park (Anzoátegui and Sucre), the Pariah Peninsula National Park (Sucre), the Turtle National Park (Falcón) and the Henri Pittier National Park (Aragua).
The Venezuelan Caribbean offers 311 islands of insurmountable beauty. The Island of Margarita is the biggest of the three islands that conform the State of Nueva Esparta and Los Roques National Park remains the only atoll in the southern Caribbean.
The variety of mountainous reliefs offers different types of climate. In the Andean Region, for example, where the country’s high peaks are located, there are numerous gaps, valleys, mesas and picturesque towns.
The Sierra Nevada Espejo Peak (Mérida) constitutes one of Venezuela’s main tourist attractions, since the cable railway of Mérida, the highest one of its type in the world, gives access to this peak. In the east of the country, the Cave of the Nightingale (Monagas) offers unrivaled natural beauty. To the south, in the State of Bolivar, the Macizo Guayanes stands out, one of the world’s oldest areas known as “the lost island” and made famous by its massifs and plateaus locally referred to as “tepuyes.” One of them, the Auyantepuy, holds the world’s highest waterfall, the Angel Falls or Churúm Meru, which is almost a full kilometer high.
The Venezuelan plains (known as the “llanos”) are a region of low lands situated in the central depression of the country and nestled between the Andes, the coastal mountains and the Macizo Guayanes. In the plains tourists will find an unforgettable adventure including exotic fauna and flora and a rich culture famous for the music and the dance of the “joropo.” Large rivers cross the extensive savannas, forming pastures, estuaries, gaps and “morichales.” The plains are divided into Oriental plains (Anzoátegui and Monagas), where the mesas dominates; Central plains (Guárico and Cojedes), with hills and hills; the Western plains (Portuguese and Barinas) and Southern plains (Apuro) with scarce elevations.
Venezuela’s forests are more than a marvelous landscape for one’s amusement. They are an extraordinary and valuable resource with an immense reserve of freshwater. They are also the home of countless animal and vegetable species, as well as the reservoir of abundant mineral wealth.
On the other hand, they are the home of more than a dozen native ethnic groups, each one with its own language and ancient traditions. The Amazon Forest, which covers almost 20% of the Venezuelan territory, counts on rivers that form part of two international hydrographic basins, Orinoquia and Amazonia, both which servce as unique genetic banks of extraordinary natural resources.
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For more information visit the Ministry of People’s Power for Tourism of the website (MINTUR).