GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT VENEZUELA

Official Name
Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

System of Government
Presidential.

President
Nicolás Maduro.

Important National Holidays
April 19 (Declaration of Independence)
June 24 (Battle of Carabobo)
July 5 (Signing of the Declaration of Independence)
July 24 (Liberator’s birthday)
December 17 (Liberator’s death)

Capital
Caracas, located in the Capital District. This is where the seat of government and national government institutions are found, including the Miraflores Presidential Palace, government ministries such as the Foreign Ministry, the Central Bank, the Supreme Tribunal of Justice, and others.

Location
North of the Equator, on the northern coast of South America. The continental territory is found in the following latitudes: 8° North and 66° West. It borders Colombia to the west, Brazil to the south, and Guyana to the east.

Population
According to the census released on October 30, 2011, Venezuela’s population is 28.9 million, and it grew 1.6% since the previous census of 2001. Of the total, 50.3% are women and 49.7% are men.

Official Languages
Spanish, Indigenous languages.

Political Division by Territory
23 states, 1 Capital District and Federal Dependencies made up of 311 islands, keys and islets (little islands).

Major Cities
Caracas, Maracaibo, Valencia, Maracay, Barquisimeto, Ciudad Bolívar.

Main Industries
Oil and oil refining, petrochemicals, steel, aluminum, cement, building materials, textiles, brewing, food processing, auto parts and telecommunications.

Local Time
UTC /GMT -4 hours 30 minutes.

Weights and Measures
Decimal metric system.

Currency
Bolívar Fuerte.

Religion
Most of the population, 92%, is Catholic and 8% belong to other religions.

National Symbols
Venezuela’s national bird is the Turpial, its national flower is the Easter Orchid, and its national tree is the Araguaney.

Nationality
Venezuelan, which you don’t lose even if you choose or acquire another nationality.

Map

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Source

  • Government online, "Venezuela", (accessed January 15, 2009)
  • National Institute of Statistics, "Advances Achieved and Weights and Measures Predicted in Population and Development." Thirty-Second Period of Sessions of ECLAC (Economic Commission for Latin America & the Caribbean). June 9-13, 2008.

 

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