Eljuri presented some of the results of the 2011 census on Monday at the headquarters of the INE in Caracas, and highlighted the fact that the reduced rate of extreme poverty is a product of improved living conditions for the Venezuelan population.
He mentioned the Great Housing Mission, a government funded social program in Venezuela that aims to provide all citizens with dignified housing, saying that this has helped reduce structural poverty by building 346,000 homes in 2011 and 2012.
Eljuri explained that the poverty rate was calculated based on an analysis of unsatisfied basic needs.
According to this methodology, situations of poverty include: households with school-aged children ages 7 to 12 that do not attend school, houses where more than three persons live in one room, houses where people live in inadequate rooms, houses lacking access to water or sanitation, homes where the head of household has less than three years of education and supports more than three people.
“When we define structural poverty using unsatisfied basic needs, a poor household is one that has at least one of these five indicators, a household in extreme poverty is one that has two or more of these indicators,” Eljuri said.
In this context, he also noted that poverty in general has fallen from 21.64% in 2001 to 17.6% in 2011. This means that the proportion of Venezuelan households that are not poor rose from 67% to 75.42%.
In 2011, Venezuela’s population had grown by over 4 million to reach 28.9 million, 88% of which live in urban areas. Average life expectancy has risen from 74.5 years to 79.5 years.
AVN/ Press- Venezuelan Embassy to the U.S./ January 22, 2013